The Future of Work
1. Remote Work: the 4IR is making easier the remotely connect, so workers that are situated in one country are able to work in another.
Employees are apt to work more efficiently and collaboratively when operating remotely. But this type of work can create negative implications because it could be less clear which set of employment laws and taxes apply, weakening employment protections, and creating a greater global competition.
2. Artificial Intelligence: automation, robotics and artificial intelligence are replacing human jobs. Surely lower-skilled workers are more damaged because they’ll see their jobs replaced by automation. There are many opinions and studies about the work’s changes in the 4IR: in 2013 the Frey and Osborne’s study found that 47% of US employment is at high risk of being automated over the next two decades. In 2016 the study of 21 countries for OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) concluded that only 9% of jobs are automatable. Some sectors, such as manufacturing and transportation, have high technical potential for automation. But other sectors, such as education, management, professionals, information, and health care, have much lower automation potential.
3. The nature of the contract between employer and employees is changing: for example, the use of zero-hour contract is increasing, and this mean that the worker has more control over when and whether to work and he has opportunities to supplement their incomes. The risk of this type of contract may include the possibility for employees to work without the standard employment protections.
Chiara Marcello, Marketing & Communications di Parametric Design Srl ©.
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